Behind The Wheel and In-Car Observation
DE 01 Knowing Your Vehicle
The student will show understanding of
a) in-car rules,
c) vehicle information, warning, and control devices;
d) pre-driving procedures;
e) starting procedures (automatic and manual transmissions);
f) vehicle securing procedures.
DE 02 Vehicle Movement and Control
The student will demonstrate an understanding of basic vehicle operating procedures. Key concepts/skills include:
a) review of vehicle
b) tracking in forward and backward movements
c) steering control forward and backward maneuvers
d) Left and right turns
e) Signaling and other communication techniques
DE 03 Signs Signals Markings
The student will demonstrate appropriate adjustments when approaching controlled and uncontrolled intersections, curves, railroad crossings, and hills with line-of-sight or path-of-travel limitations. Key concepts/skills include:
a) roadway signs, signals, and markings;
b) right-of-way rules;
c) slope/grade of terrain;
d) vehicle position.
DE 04 Vision and Space
The student will demonstrate the ability to communicate presence and intentions with other highway transportation users. Key concepts/skills include:
a) vehicle position and driver action;
b) vehicle communication devices.
c) SIPDE, SEE, Smith System
DE 05 Basic Skills and Maneuvers
The student will identify the characteristics of various simple driving environments and strategies. Key concepts/skills include:
a) entering, merging, integrating into, and exiting from traffic flow at various types of intersections
b) selecting vehicle position and changing lanes.
DE 06 Driving Environments
The student will demonstrate the ability to manage visibility, time, and space to avoid conflicts and reduce driving risks. expressway and apply risk-reducing expressway driving Key concepts/skills include:
a) synthesizing information visually from various driving environments, using a space-management process;
b) applying following-interval concepts;
c) selecting gap and judging distance;
d) estimating crossing, joining, leaving and passing-time and space needs.
e) street and highway safety design.
c) managing interchanges
DE 07 Physics of Driving
The student will identify and demonstrate the proper use of vehicle occupant protection features and analyze how they reduce injury severity and increase collision survival and recognize the effects of momentum, gravity, and inertia on vehicle control and balance, and the relationship between kinetic energy and force of impact. Key concepts/skills include:
a) seating and hand position;
b) steering, braking, and acceleration;
c) compensating for shifts in vehicle load (from side to side, front to rear, and rear to front) that affect vehicle performance;
d) types of collisions — head-on, near-frontal, broadside, rear-end, rollover, sideswipe.
e) active restraint systems; passive restraint systems;
f) child restraint systems;
DE 08 Sharing The Road
The student will identify and describe the performance characteristics of other road users and apply problem-solving skills to minimize risks when sharing the roadway with:
a) pedestrians and animals;
b) pedalcycles and motorcycles;
c) tractor-trailers, trucks, and construction vehicles;
d) sport utility vehicles, recreation vehicles, and trailers;
e) emergency vehicles;
f) funeral processions;
g) passenger and school buses;
h) farm machinery and horse drawn vehicles.
DE 09 Emotional Preparedness
a) Internal and External forces that affect behavior
b)Passive vs Agressive
c) Road Rage
DE 010 Distracted Driving
DE 011 Impaired Driving
The student will identify, review, and analyze how the legal, health, and economic consequences associated with alcohol and other drug use affects driving. Key concepts/skills include:
a) positive and negative peer pressure;
b) Implied Consent, Zero Tolerance, and DUI laws;
c) Administrative License Revocation, loss of license, ignition interlock, and other licensing restrictions;
d) court costs, insurance requirements, Driver Assessment Laws, Leandra's Law and other costs.
DE 012 Adverse Driving Conditions
01- The student will identify changes in the environment that affect visibility and traction and demonstrate an understanding of appropriate driver reaction to these risks. Key concepts/skills include:
a) driving at night;
b) smoke- and weather-related conditions;
c) road conditions and construction;
d) vehicle stability and traction control systems.
02 -The student will compare vehicle-braking systems and explain proper braking techniques for various weather and roadway conditions. Key concepts/skills include:
a) small and large vehicle conventional brake systems;
b) two- and four-wheel anti-lock brake systems (ABS).
DE 013 Emergency Response
The student will analyze how preventive maintenance reduces the possibility of vehicle failures and recognize the warning signs that indicate the need for maintenance, repair, or replacement. Key concepts/skills include:
a) vehicle warning devices;
b) lights and signals;
c) steering and suspension systems;
d) tires and braking systems;
e) fuel and ignition electronics.
DE 014 Vehicle Maintenance
The student will identify and evaluate emergency response strategies to reduce the severity of or avoid a collision in high-risk driving situations. Key concepts/skills include:
a) evasive maneuvers, using brake and steering combinations;
b) off-road recovery;
c) front and rear traction control.
DE 015 Trip Planning
The student will demonstrate how to effectively pre plan for travel by reviewing a trip plan, developing a driving route, and preparing the vehicle for travel.
a) reviewing and reading map and GPS skills
b)checking vehicle for pre trip and in trip packing and travel
DE 016 Final Testing
This lesson introduces the checks made by the driver when approaching the vehicle, adjustments made prior to starting the vehicle, starting procedures, and how to move the vehicle away from and to the curb. The recommended instructional time is 22/25 minutes driving and 65 minutes observing.
This vehicle control and basic procedures lesson reinforces procedures included in Lesson 1 and introduces targeting, sightlines, path of travel and reference points. The student performs basic vehicle control maneuvers in a controlled environment. The recommended instructional time is 22/25 minutes driving and 65 minutes observing.
(Lessons Three, Four)
This lesson introduces basic maneuvers at low speed and in a low risk environment. The student is introduced to intersections, right-of-way concepts, turns, and parking. The recommended instructional time is 22/25 minutes driving and 65 minutes observing.
(Lessons Five, Six )
This basic maneuvers in low risk environment lesson reinforces tasks learned in previous lessons and introduces 2-point turnabouts, 3-point turnabouts, U turns and parking procedures. The recommended instructional time is 22/25 minutes driving and 65 minutes observing.
(Lessons Seven, Eight)
This basic maneuvers in moderate risk environment lesson reinforces driving tasks learned in prior lessons and introduces the student to moderate risk driving environments. The recommended instructional time is 25 minutes driving and 22/25 minutes observing.
The backing maneuvers exercise demonstrates accuracy in both reverse and forward driving tasks in the range / parking lot environment. The recommended instructional time is 22/25 minutes driving and 65 minutes observing.
(Lesson Ten, Eleven)
This lesson utilizes a space management system to identify risk using commentary driving. Driving tasks taught in prior lessons are reinforced and space management concepts are emphasized. The recommended instructional time is 22/25 minutes driving and 65 minutes observing.
(Lessons Twelve, Thirteen)
Continued emphasis is placed on using space management techniques while introducing the student to more demanding driving experiences. The recommended instructional time is 22/25 minutes driving and 65 minutes observing.
This basic maneuvers in complex traffic situations lesson reinforces driving tasks learned in prior lessons and places the student in more complex traffic situations. A minimum of 22/25 minutes driving and 65 minutes observation is recommended.
Brake failure, engine failure, accelerator failure, traction loss and collision avoidance techniques are discussed and in some activity simulated in this lesson using a driving range environment or parking lot. The recommended instructional time is 22/25 minutes driving and 65 minutes observing.
The final road skills assessment is conducted on a pre-determined driving route utilizing all driving tasks with no assistance from the instructor or observer. The recommended itesting time is 22/25 minutes driving and 65 minutes observing.
IN CAR LESSONS
The following in-car lessons should be used to compliment classroom instruction. Suggested in-car lessons have been developed for a standard six (6) hour driving , eighteen (18) hour observing program. Setting up driving sessions by offering 16, 90 minute sessions and modified for more sessions with less meeting time per session. Sample record sheets and evaluation tools are included.
Lesson 1 Introduction Parking Lot - "Getting to Know the Vehicle Inside and Out"
Lesson 2 Introduction Parking Lot - "A Driving Range Rodeo - "Set up for developing skills" Cone exercises
Lesson 3 Basic Maneuvers - Residential "Mr. Rodgers Neighborhood"- practicing basic skills
Lesson 4 Basic Maneuvers - Residential "Reading the Road"- applying signs, signals and markings - Tracking
Lesson 5 Basic Maneuvers - Residential "Ins and Outs of Turns" - Fine tuning skills - Intersections
Lesson 6 Basic Maneuvers - RuralHighway "Over the River Through the Woods" -Developing SIPDE Process
Lesson 7 Basic Maneuvers - Business - "A Going Shopping" Grocery Shopping - Parking Maneuvers
Lesson 8 Moderate Traffic - Suburban - "To and From School" and Parks -Separate and Compromising in Traffic
Lesson 9 Moderate Traffic - Business - "Identifying Hazards"- Shopping Centers/Restaurant/Car Dealerships & Auto Parts
Lesson 10 Moderate Traffic - /Interstate - "Limited Access" - Design and Procedures, Laws and Rules, Merging and Exiting
Lesson 11 Intermediate Traffic - Town - "Intersection Maneuvers" multi lane turns, Left only lanes, bicycle lanes,
Lesson 12 Intermediate Traffic- Business "Complex Intersection Maneuvers" Right of Way Rules, Trouble spots
Lesson 13 Intermediate Traffic -City "Sharing the Road With Others" Pedestrians, Bicycle, Motorcycles, Railroad
Lesson 14 Complex - Highway/Interstate. "Going on a Trip" Considerations for the drive, Speed, Spotting trouble
Lesson 15 Complex - Mixed Environments- "Destination Driving" GPS, Plan of action, Emergency plans
Lesson 16 Evaluation